Stroke is the second leading cause of death and the leading cause of disability in the world. More than 60% of patients remain disabled, 50% of patients suffer from hemiparesis and 30% remain unable to walk without assistance. The skeletal muscle is the main effector organ accountable for disability in stroke. This disability is primarily attributed to the brain lesion; however less attention is paid to structural, metabolic and functional alterations of muscle tissue after stroke.
Hemiparetic stroke leads to various muscle abnormalities: A combination of denervation, disuse, inflammation, remodelling and spasticity accounts for a complex pattern of muscle tissue phenotype change and atrophy. The molecular mechanisms of muscle degradation after stroke are only incompletely understood. Reinnervation, fibre-type shift, disuse atrophy, and local inflammatory activation are only some of the key features yet to be explained.
Walnut Medical Walkex provides upper and lower limb static exercising in addition to various Walk modes for targeting each and every muscle of the lower limb.